Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security
The impacts of climate change on agricultural production (changes in temperature, precipitation, water supply, and the further impacts on crop yields because of these factors) are resulting to a rising level of malnutrition throughout the world. Food security is becoming a challenge on the African continent. Agriculture is a major job sector in Ghana and is an important source of income for the poor. But recent food shortages, high food prices, and related social unrest have led to other problems, including political instability.
GII responds to food security issues by taking increasingly practical and participatory approaches. GII is promoting sustainable and community solutions to food production and attempts to intervene to protect small farmers from eviction, indigenous people from losing traditional lands and fishing grounds, and segments of the population from discriminatory food supply schemes.
Practically, GII has acres of land in the Northern and Western Region of Ghana where soya beans and maize have been cultivated. GII also wishes to have a model farm where farmers will learn about new methods and best agricultural practices that will involve soil fertility management, more efficient and sustainable water use, crop and livestock diversification, biological plant and animal health management, sustainable mechanization, improving storage facilities especially for small farms, and building upstream and downstream supply chains for businesses and trade. Capacity building efforts by GII includes encouraging the youth to develop interest in agribusiness as a viable carrier option.