The effects of Climate Change in Ghana are quite evident through the unprecedented flooding that had hit the country in recent years. This disaster when occurs, it affect many lives and properties and inflicts affected people with extreme poverty. Infrastructures in these areas, including major roads and human habitats as well as farmlands, are also lost to the floods. This situation does not only financial pressure on the government but also derails its progress made in achieving the millennium development goals (MDGs).
Apart from flooding, extreme weather conditions have also been experienced in certain parts of the country, especially the northern part. This has, directly and indirectly, led to the migration of young men and women who could no more rely on agriculture as a source of livelihood to the South to seek for greener pastures.
Rising sea level has also been a great threat especially to the Ada, Keta and Glefe communities all located along the coast of the country. The attendant socio-economic impacts have been great, as in some cases a whole community has to be relocated. Other adaptive actions have been the construction or planned construction of sea defense infrastructure at great cost to the state.
Under the Netherlands Climate Change Assistance Programme (NCAP) published in May, 2008, shows that there will be increases in the incidence of tropical diseases such as meningitis, measles, diarrhea and guinea worm, especially in the northern parts of Ghana, as a result of expected increase in temperatures and reduction in the amount of rainfall. It is clear that with the ever increasing use of fossil fuels and the associated increases in greenhouse gas emissions, which Ghana will become a major contributor as it joins the club of crude oil producing countries with its recent oil find, the country’s vulnerability to climate change impacts will be aggravated if appropriate measures are not put in place to deal with these threats.
These fears have therefore agitated Members of Greener Impact International in partnership with Abibiman foundation to raise our voice and draw attention to the threat posed by Climate Change in Ghana and to advocate for a the necessary measures to be put in place in order to ensure that there is sustainability in the country’s development.
On Saturday December 04, 2010 pupils from selected Schools together with their teachers and other youth groups in Accra converged at the Kanda Cluster of Schools; one of the biggest cluster of Schools in Accra. Like a battalion of soldiers demanding for instant justice, we marched through major streets in Accra with our banners and Placards calling on political leaders and individuals to “stop Climate Change now”. Many more people joined the campaign on our way especially upon understanding the rationale behind it. We marched pass the Flagstaff house, through the 37 military hospital to the Accra shopping mall which is the biggest shopping mall in the city. Here flyers carrying Climate Change messages were shared to the shopping folks and the attendants. Those who were abreast with Climate Change issues were so excited about the campaign that they couldn’t help but posed to take pictures with the group.
From the Accra Mall, the group then paid a courtesy call on TV3; one of the most viewed Television station in Ghana. Here the executive director of Greener Impact International, Mr. Kassim Gawusu in a short address called on the station to develop keen interest in reporting and promoting climate change education in Ghana. A renowned broadcaster, Mr. Kweku Temeng, on behalf of the station commended the group for such an initiative and also advised the pupils to serve as ambassadors for climate change education among their colleagues and peers at their various schools and at home. Again, he promised to have the campaign published on station’s website to get it to the rest of the world